Bordetella is also one of the three most common causes of Canine Upper Respiratory Disease Complex, known as “Kennel Cough.” Symptoms include a harsh, dry cough, aggravated by activity or excitement. The cough is followed by retching or gagging in an attempt to clear small amounts of mucous from the throat. Body temperatures may be elevated as secondary bacterial infection takes place. Pnuemonia can result from this infection and it is highly contagious. The Bordetella vaccine is recommended for all dogs that encounter at least one other dog routinely. This would include dogs that go on walks around the neighborhood, go to dog parks or get boarded sometimes. This vaccination is recommended every 6 months.
Canine Distemper (CD) is caused by a virus closely related to the human measle virus. It is considered the most serious viral disease of dogs in the world. Approximately 50% of nonvaccinated, nonimmunized dogs infected with CD virus develop clinical signs of the disease and approximately 90% of those dogs infected with CD die. All the bodily secretions of an infected animal contain the virus, it is highly contagious, and it is primarily spread by an airborne route. Early clinical signs include anorexia, diarrhea, and dehydration. As the disease progresses, fever, depression, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea may be observed accompanied by signs of respiratory distress. Coughing, labored breathing, inflammation of tissues around the eyes and nose and a severe nasal discharge may occur. If dogs recover from Distemper they often have lifelong complications. All dogs should receive the Distemper vaccine beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continue every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on life style.
Hepatitis (Adenovirus Type 2 )
This virus causes hepatitis or liver disease in dogs that can be quite serious and can be fatal. Aggressive therapy is needed for recovery, and dogs that survive this virus can have lifelong liver complications. Vaccination for dogs should begin at 7-8 weeks of age and continue every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Leptospirosis is zoonotic, meaning that it is very contagious from dog to human. This is actually a bacterial disease, so the protective “vaccination” is actually a “bacterin” or anti-bacterial vaccine. Leptospirosis infection is asymptomatic, meaning that the infection can go unnoticed until end stages when liver and kidney failure have already set in. This disease can be fatal. Dogs contract the disease from contact with an infected animal, or their urine, which means that just about anywhere can be a source of the bacteria…grass, plants, dirt or contaminated water. Wild animals serve as reservoirs and excrete the bacteria in their urine and the bacteria is then viable for months on the contaminated surfaces. For this reason we highly recommend each dog receive the Leptospirosis vaccine beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continuing every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. Thereafter annual boosters will be recommended as this vaccine only lasts 1 year.
Parainfluenza is a highly contagious respiratory virus. Infected dogs typically develop upper respiratory signs and can develop pneumonia. Vaccination for dogs should begin at 7-8 weeks of age and continue every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Parvovirus is probably the most common viral illness of dogs at the present time. It is a common cause of severe bloody vomiting and diarrhea and severe dehydration in puppies. After infection, the virus attacks the lining of the stomach and intestines and patients need aggressive fluid therapy and antibiotics to survive. This virus is often fatal. All dogs should be vaccinated beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continuing every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Rabies is a zoonotic (can be spread to humans) virus that is always 100% fatal. There is no treatment. It is easily transmitted from any warm blooded animal bite (saliva) that is infected. The Rabies vaccine for dogs is required by the state of NC. All dogs should be vaccinated at 16 weeks old, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on which state you live in. Each state has their own Rabies requirements. The Rabies vaccination, as well as all other vaccines listed above are available to administer for dog owners in the Cary, Apex, Fuquay-Varina and Holly Springs areas.
This virus causes respiratory disease in its acute phase. It can become chronic. Affected cats may have persistent gum disease or chronically recurring upper respiratory disease and is highly contagious. This vaccination is recommended for all cats beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continuing every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
This is a bacterial respiratory disease of cats. Cats that have this infection will have sneezing, watery eyes, breathing problems, coughing, anorexia and fever. Cat vaccinations for Chlamydiosis should begin at 7-8 weeks of age and continue every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a fatal disease that can be spread easily from mother cat to kitten and also through contact with other cats harboring the disease. FeLV can cause a wide variety of problems ranging from weight loss, respiratory infections, diarrhea, vomiting, neurologic deficits and severe eye disease. Kittens that have the virus also are at increased risk for cancer later in life. Testing for the disease is recommended prior to vaccination and testing is typically done at the first kitten visit. If the kitten is negative, the Feline Leukemia vaccine is given beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continued every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Panleukopenia is the cat disease most often referred to as “Distemper” in this species. It is a deadly disease that causes bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, anemia and death. Contact with infected cats, or their food or water sources, or through contact with a human that has the virus on their clothing or shoes are common modes of transmission. Because this is a fatal disease, vaccination for cats should begin at 7-8 weeks of age and continue every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle.
Rabies is a fatal neurologic disease that is zoonotic (capable of spread to humans). (See dog vaccines). HBAH follows NC law recommendations of annual vaccination for cats.
Rhinotracheitis is caused by a herpes virus. It causes respiratory disease in its acute phase. Chronically, it can be the cause of persistent eye irritation and corneal disease (cloudiness or blood vessel infiltration in the clear part of the eye). Due to the potentially chronic nature of this disease,this vaccine is also recommended for all cats. All cats should be vaccinated beginning at 7-8 weeks of age and continuing every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age, and then annually or every 3 years thereafter depending on lifestyle. This vaccine, as well as all others listed above are available to administer for cat owners in the Cary, Apex, Fuquay-Varina and Holly Springs areas.
Moving to Hemlock Bluffs Animal Hospital was the best choice for our family! From the moment we arrive for appointments, our pets are welcomed and made to feel comfortable. Every member of the staff, from the technicians to the doctors are very knowledgeable, and really take the time to listen and answer any questions or address concerns that we may have. Our dog, Fletcher is always so happy to greet the staff at the front desk when we arrive...of course they have the best treats! The doctors have been so wise as we have navigated Fletcher's allergy issues, which has been new territory for us. We know Fletcher is receiving the very best attention and care, as well as our 2 cats. Trust is so important, and we are thankful that we have a wonderful and caring animal hospital like Hemlock Bluffs in our community!
Great place with professional, courteous staff. Been going there for over 10 years. Dr. Snyder is very special.
We recently switched to Hemlock based on great recommendations for general care for our 4-year old Lab, Molly. Last week, she suddenly became ill and needed medical attention. The staff made immediate accommodations to see her and took phenomenal care of her. Dr. Snyder was very thorough in her diagnosis of pancreatitis and took time both on the phone and in person to explain everything and answer all of our questions. She even called after hours to check and see how Molly was doing the evening we brought her home, which was a very nice touch. It was a long day, but our worry was eased knowing our baby was in the hands of professionals who truly care. I have no hesitation recommending Hemlock Bluffs to anyone, and they’re worth a drive if you don’t live nearby.
I cannot say enough good things about Hemlock Bluffs. Friendly and welcoming staff every visit. I wouldn't trust anywhere else with my pups.
Hemlock Bluffs is unlike any other vet I’ve been to. The clinic and staff are incredibly warm, and you can see their eyes light up as soon as they see your pet. It’s clear they care, and will sit down and take the time to listen. I’ve never had an issue getting my cat seen, especially when she’s sick. Dr. Parker is amazing!